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January Gardening Tips

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January brings some of the coldest temperatures of the year. It’s not uncommon for the vegetable garden to be frozen solid, making digging and feeding the soil practically impossible. Today I have a few January gardening tips to help you push through this cold month.

Endives under plastic domes protected in the winter garden

January Gardening Tips

Dig for Your Dinner in January: Growing Your Dinner, One Month at a TimeDig for Your Dinner in January: Growing Your Dinner, One Month at a TimeAmazon buy button If your garden soil is dry, now is a good time to dig over your garden in the areas that need turning and feeding.

If you’re going to add manure to the potatoes and root crops, this is the perfect time to add it. This way it will give it time to rot down.

Other winter jobs that can be done in the shelter of a shed would be:

  • servicing machines
  • sharpening tools
  • sorting seeds

Since the days are short and there is not enough light to successfully grow seedlings, there is no point in sowing any seeds this month, unless you have climate and lighting control systems.

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But the long, dark evenings will give you the opportunity to browse seed catalogues and order your seeds.

If you are planning to grow potatoes this coming season then you will definitely have to select your potato varieties and buy your seeds this month so that you can start the potato chit.

The how to grow potatoes page will help you to choose the best potatoes to grow.

To chit potato seeds, lay them out with the side with the most eyes facing up, and leave them in a cool, light, frost free room so that they start to shoot.

Lay seed potatoes in egg boxes and put them in a basement that has plenty of light.

Potatoes laid out to chit.

Can I saw any seeds in January?

Plants rely on warmth and light to grow. Unfortunately, because the light levels are low, the seedlings stretch up looking for light. This causes the seedlings to be long (leggy), thin and weak.

If you’re tempted to get a head start by using a propagator to force on young seedlings, be warned that you might lose your seedlings, or at best, have weak and leggy plants.

What can you harvest in January?

During January you could be picking the following:

You could also be harvesting the last of the celeriac and curly kale.

Container Gardening In January

There are many vegetables you can grow in containers that could be brought in the house or in a covered porch in the winter.

You should choose vegetables that can grow well in small pots, easy to carry inside when needed. Here are some vegetables you can grow in containers:

  • Arugula
  • Beetroot (here’s how to prepare beets)
  • Chicory can grow in containers with at least twelve-inch deep soil medium
  • Chives
  • Cress will grow in a shallow container (and even in a moist paper towel)
  • Garlic, a favorite spice in cooking that can be grown in a shallow container
  • Lettuce, a popular leaf vegetable that has a very good tolerance for cold conditions and can grow well using container gardening
  • Mesclun, a leafy vegetable, will grow well in containers. With a short vegetative stage, it will be ready for harvest in four to six weeks
  • Misome, a type of mustard, will be a slow grower in the winter but will give you some variety
  • Silverbeet, also known as  rainbow chard, can be harvested continuously
  • carrots
  • green onions
  • radishes

Hopefully, these January gardening tips will help. Spring is just around the corner 😉

January gardening tips - if you're itching to get out in the garden, here are some things you can do to prepare for when the weather warms up.

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