Skip to Content

Large Vegetable Garden Design

Planning a large vegetable garden will involve creating permanent structures such as storage sheds and compost heaps and dividing your area as you have space to rotate your vegetable groups. Here are a few ideas that will facilitate a large vegetable garden design.

large vegetable garden in the spring.
Image credit: Backyard Garden Lover.

Planning a Large Vegetable Garden

Large vegetable gardens need to be planned like any garden: they need good light, soil, and space. Larger gardens have abundant space and don’t face the problems created by shadows from nearby buildings. You’ll need to make sure the soil is in good shape for growing your favorite veggies and herbs.

As you plan your garden, consider adding structures, such as greenhouses and polytunnels, that will help you extend your growing season. Year-round gardening is one of my dreams.

With a large space for gardening, you can split your plot into definite areas, which will help with proper crop rotation.

It’s important to remember not to try to complete everything in the first season. A large gardening area can be quite daunting, and there’s nothing wrong with starting your garden on a small scale. Each consecutive season, you can introduce new structures, vegetables, and herbs so you can actually enjoy your time in the garden.

Here’s how to build a small greenhouse: it will be very helpful in starting your seeds.

Large Vegetable Garden Design

My husband holding an armful of colorful, red and yellow peppers.
Image credit: Backyard Garden Lover.

As you journey into large vegetable gardening, plan to set everything up over two seasons.

In the first year, build (or purchase) a storage shed to keep yourself organized. Also, a water collection system and a couple of compost heaps should be set up.

In the second year, introduce a poly-tunnel, some fruit cages, and permanent crop areas.

Plan to spend some time in your garden

Although it is very difficult to quantify how much time you will need to grow your own vegetables on a larger scale, you must expect that during the growing season, an allotment-sized garden will take up a couple of evenings and at least half the weekend.

And as the harvest starts coming in, processing the bumper crops will keep you in the kitchen far longer than you might have imagined. I’m not trying to discourage you, but planning with your eyes open is much better.

Planning a large vegetable garden using beds

Raised bed in the spring with greens growing
Image credit: Backyard Garden Lover.

Using beds in your garden makes it easier to care for it. You don’t need to walk on the soil, and you can grow your vegetables a little closer together. This improves yields.

It may seem a little wasteful to have grass paths between each vegetable patch, but as you never need to dig or feed the paths, it will save you time. And when you think that you need walking space between crops anyway, using beds improves the yield.

If you don’t like mowing between your garden beds, you can create a stone path or add a ground cover that grows close to the ground.

Vegetables Planting Calendar

By using succession sowing and closer spacing, you can grow almost every vegetable you eat during the year.

If you have a large garden, you could create a growing list based on the vegetables you buy more often and grow the vegetables you are more likely to eat.

But whatever you decide to grow, understanding vegetable groups and crop rotation is very important in a large vegetable garden.

planting calendar
Image credit: Backyard Garden Lover.

This growing list is a valuable part of planning a large vegetable garden as it splits the year into definite tasks that, month by month, will help you keep on top of the sowing, planting, and harvesting tasks.

Keeping to a timetable becomes more difficult when growing many different crops. Knowing how many seeds you will need to sow to fill up the space you have allocated for a crop is crucial.

Whatever your plan suggests, it is a good idea to sow at least 30% more than you need to cover any germination failures or plant losses.

Vegetable sowing the right way

You will also need to decide what you will need to sow in one go and what you will sow in succession. In our plan, almost all the vegetable plants would be sown when suggested. For example, we need 120 leeks, 40 calabrese (broccoli), and about 12 courgettes (zucchini), so at the earliest opportunity the plan gives us, we would sow enough seeds to provide us with these plants.

We don’t count each seed: instead, we scatter sow small seeds and double sow larger ones, thinning out the seedlings so that we have the right number of plants.

Our plan also directs us to sow over 60 lettuces from the beginning of March, which would not be a good idea. Lettuces tend to take a few months to mature but will only be edible for a few weeks, so unless you can eat 20 lettuces a week, you are better off staggering your sowing. This is known as succession sowing.

We tend to sow lettuce every three weeks, sowing enough for a three-week period. If you eat three lettuces per week, you will need nine plants plus some for losses. You’ll need some seed-sowing trays.

Of course, sowing 12 seeds in individual cells will be a real fiddle, so instead, scatter sow on each cell and pinch out all but the strongest seedlings as they germinate.

Allotment Gardening Tips

a woman walking through a large community garden.
Image credit: YAY Images.

An allotment or community garden is a piece of land intended for growing vegetables.

Community gardeners are renowned for their resourcefulness: you can see some amazing and odd structures cropping up on different allotment plots. From wacky scarecrows to makeshift sheds. Under the care of passionate gardeners, these initially overgrown sites transform into some of the neatest looking summer gardens you could find.

The great thing about an allotment is that you are surrounded by years and years of experience, and the social community of like-minded people makes allotment gardening great fun.

Large vegetable garden design

Pin To Save For Later

Best Non Kinking Garden Hose

Sunday 15th of May 2022

[…] which is ample for a smaller garden or courtyard. However, if you’re lucky enough to have a large garden there are some hoses available in lengths of 75ft and even 100ft. They should allow you to easily […]

Joshua Ephraim Martin

Monday 23rd of August 2021

I am planning on making my entire backyard a garden! I Love getting Dirty! Very Excited! This is going to be my new thing! I have a lot to learn! Any tips for a beginner?


Tuesday 24th of August 2021

That sounds great! We have several tips here on the website: use the search field to search for whatever you want to grow in your garden. But if you want a starting point, read this:

How To Start A New Vegetable Garden

Tuesday 1st of December 2020

[…] at all garden centers, but this can be a very expensive approach, especially if you have a large vegetable garden […]

The Surprising, Life-Changing Benefits of Gardening

Monday 4th of March 2019

[…] helps you relieve stress, but that is only one of the many benefits of gardening. Whether you are growing a large vegetable garden or small ornamental (and great smelling) flower garden, the physical and mental benefits of […]

Best Garden Tiller For All Your Gardening Needs

Wednesday 8th of August 2018

[…] tillers. Built and created to help prepare and prep larger garden areas, the rear-tine tiller does an amazing job at breaking up the soil that may need a bit more work. If […]